British Education

from birth, for life


“‘We find the possibility of an educational continuum that extends naturally along a developmental path from birth to adulthood. It is hoped that the delineation of this path within the three distinct developmental stages will enable educators to look at students and schools from a new perspective.” Annette Haines

Montessori and the EYFS

There is a strong concordance between the themes and principles that underpin the EYFS and those that guide Montessori practice.

A central idea of Montessori education is that children have within them the power they need to develop themselves. Following from this is the understanding that it is through the child’s interaction with his environment that this self-construction takes place. It is the child that needs to be active in his dynamic experience with the world around him. The task we set ourselves as Montessori educators is to provide children with an environment carefully prepared to meet their particular developmental needs and, through careful observation, to connect them with that environment, so that they can build themselves through their own activity.

The parallels between the Montessori approach and some of the main themes of the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) are clear. The EYFS theme of ‘A Unique Child’ is based on the principle that ‘Every child is a competent learner from birth who can be resilient, capable, confident and self-assured’.  Similarly the EYFS makes the provision of ‘Enabling Environments’ one of four priorities. The emphasis placed on ‘active learning’ and ‘learning through experience’ within the theme of ‘Learning and Development’ is again very much in line with Montessori practice.

There are many sections of the EYFS that emphasize the importance of the child’s own decision making, both in what they do and how they do it. Other parts of the EYFS emphasize that children are innately ‘primed’ to learn from the human and physical environments around them. This is a radical departure from traditional educational practice, which in general follows a curriculum decided by the adult, that determines what the children should do and learn. In the Montessori approach decision-making for the child’s day-to-day activities shifts away from the adult, to the child.

Montessori environments take these principles to their natural conclusion. The child enters an environment, which both in its contents and functioning is designed to meet the particular physical, mental and spiritual needs of children aged between 2 ½ to 6 years. Within this space there are very few limits to the child’s freedom and decision-making.  A child is shown a variety of activities, is free to choose what to do, and for how long. Through detailed observations of his choice and use of activities, further individual lessons are offered, giving him an increasing range of materials to explore.  Children are free to use an activity until they decide to put it away. They are free to choose when to be active, when to rest and watch, when to look at a book, to go outside, to have a drink or prepare some fruit.  When a child is choosing freely within an environment carefully prepared to support his independence, it is relatively easy to observe his real interests unfolding – those that are driven by developmental urges – and to support and follow these.

Primary Curriculum
The Montessori primary curriculum fully meets the requirements of the National Curriculum and goes well beyond this in many subjects. In a Montessori primary school, the children no longer just choose what to work with, as they did in their Montessori nursery. They are empowered to manage a weekly plan with activities both of which they negotiate with their teacher. They are given weekly tasks in literacy, numeracy and the sciences. Each child can choose when to complete their tasks, and when these are completed, the child has another tutorial discussion with their teacher to plan more work. As in the nursery, this gives each child the opportunity to manage their activities, but as they grow older the management of time and tasks becomes more complex and embraces all curricular activities and subjects.